JS:前端二进制

1、本地图片 File 对象转换为 Data URL

<input type="file" accept="image/*" onchange="loadFile(event)" />
<img id="image" />

<script>
    function loadFile(event) {
        const reader = new FileReader();

        reader.onload = function () {
            const image = document.querySelector("#image");
            image.src = reader.result;
        };

        reader.readAsDataURL(event.target.files[0]);
    }
</script>

读取图片

<img id="image" src="data:image/jpeg;base64,/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQEAAAAAAAD">

2、Base64

btoa Binary-to-ASCII
atob ASCII-to-Binary

console.log(btoa('BC')); // QkM=
console.log(atob('QkM=')); // BC

3、fetch API 从网络上获取图片

<img id="image" />

<script>
    const image = document.querySelector("#image");

    fetch("https://avatars3.githubusercontent.com/u/4220799")
    .then((response) => response.blob())
    .then((blob) => {
        const objectUrl = URL.createObjectURL(blob);
        image.src = objectUrl;
    });
</script>

读取图片

<img id="image" src="blob:http://127.0.0.1:5500/83dcb9c8-ffd3-4b5d-98a5-e3f6ff890bf2">

Blob(Binary Large Object)表示二进制类型的大对象

const blob = new Blob(['hello'])

参考
前端二进制

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